|A hernia is a weakness that generally occursi n the wall of the abdomen, permitting an organ, a part of an organ, or fat to protrude. Hernia is among the most common medical disorders. Hernias may occur at any age, and they can be congenital (present at birth) or acquired. A common location for hernia is in the groin, and men tend to develop groin (or inguinal) hernias more often than women. The primary symptom is pain, which may get worse with long periods of standing or lifting heavy objects, and is often accompanied by a bulge in the abdomen or groin.|
Hernias may be repaired using conventional open techniques or via a laparoscopic approach, in which a long, thin camera and instruments are introduced via small incisions. Most hernia repairs require the use of surgical mesh used to cover the weakened area. Although laparoscopic surgery usually requires general anesthesia, open hernia repairs can frequently be performed with local or regional anesthesia. In some settings, patients experience a shorter recovery time and less post-operative discomfort with laparoscopic than with open surgery.
A hernia repair usually lasts between 3 and 4 hours. Generally, the hospital observation period after a hernia repair is 2 days, followed by a week's convelecense.